Geographical position

Russia is a huge country with a decent, stormy and centuries of history, with a generous and rich culture. The largest and majestic country in the world - Russia comprises the eastern part of Europe and Northern Asia, has around 11.46% of the land area of the Earth. The population of Russia is 146 386 558 people, and the length of the border of the Russian Federation is the longest as takes 60000 km. The territory of the Russian Federation consists of 83 subjects, from which 2 cities with federal status are main - Moscow and St. Petersburg. Russia is occupied by 12 seas and 3 oceans-Arctic, Pacific and Atlantic, as well as about 120 thousand rivers (most major rivers: Amur, Anadyr, Volga, Don, yenisei, Indigirka, Kolyma, Irtysh, Kuban, Lena, Moscow, Neva, Ob, Oka, Penzhina, usinsk) and lakes, among which is well-known, the most profound and purest of the world - Baikal.

Population, language, religion

About 80% of the population - ethnic Russian and the remaining 20% - visiting this people of different nationalities in the world. The average life expectancy of men 61 years, women - 73 years. State Russian language - Russian, and among religions it is the most significant Orthodox. Residents of multinational Russia profess Islam, Catholicism, Judaism, Buddhism. Weather on the whole territory of Russia is known for rapid changes from harsh frosts to the unbearable heat. Thus, all known Siberia - is the coldest region in the whole territory of the federation.


The national currency is ruble. In circulation there are banknotes in denominations of 10, 50, 100, 500, 1000 and 5000 rubles, as well as the coins of 10, 5, 2 and 1 ruble, 50, 10, 5 and 1 penny. Throughout Russia, there is a possibility to accept Visa cards, MasterCard, sometimes - Visa Electron and Cirrus/Maestro or Diners Club. There is also the possibility to use traveller's cheques, but take cash from them it is possible only in the Bank. All banks in the country are working from 10.00-17.00 from Monday to Friday, and the big banks from 09.00 till 20.00. Many exchange points in Russia operate 24 hours a day or up to 24.00.

Office hours

In 2014 came the law "on the calculation of time", according to which the country stopped only in the winter time because it is more suited to the biological rhythm of the person. Pharmacies, shops, food agencies operate from 9 a.m. and to 19/21, many supermarkets are open until 23 or 24-hours a day, banks are open from 9-10 a.m. to 17/20.

Customs regulations and restrictions

The import or export of any currency is permitted without the provision of documents, if the amount does not exceed USD 10,000 Persons older than 18 years, according to the rules of alcohol and tobacco import, allowed to bring in Russia: 3 liters of alcohol (without making it into a declaration and without payment of a fee), 2 liters of alcohol you can bring in excess of the duty-free limit, provided that they will be made in return (for every 1 liter will have to pay a separate customs duty), 50 cigars, 100 cigarillos, 200 cigarettes, 250 grams of tobacco. Terms of export of alcoholic products from the territory of Russia does not provide for any restrictions. For duty-free export or import things baggage must comply with 3 rules: all things must be intended for personal use only, the total weight of luggage should not exceed 50 kg, the total baggage costs should not exceed € 1,500 (if the return to Russia by road) and 10, 000 EUR (at the border crossing air traffic). Exceptions are only refugees or displaced persons, but it is necessary to have proof of their status. In addition to the above all the above, to make a customs document need the following things: precious stones and metals, weapons and ammunition (explosive and dangerous substances), potent drugs, works of art and cultural values, cryptographic devices, receiving and transmitting device signals that work at a frequency of 9 kHz or higher.

Emergency Phones

Emergency Phone Numbers:

Fire - 01

Police - 02

Gas service - 04

Information and Help - 09

Rescue - 937-99-11

Holidays and weekends

January 1-5 - New Year (New Year holidays)

January 7 - Orthodox Christmas

January 13-14 - The Old New Year

February 14 - Valentine's Day

February 23 - Defender of the Fatherland Day

2nd Sunday of February - Day of Aeroflot

March 1 - World Civil Defence Day

March 8 - International Women's Day

May 1 - Holiday of Spring and Labor Day (International Workers' Day)

May 9 - Victory Day

28 May - Day of Border Guard

June 1 - International Children's Day

June 8 - Day of Social Worker

June 12 - Day of Russia (Day of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of the Russian Federation)

Last Sunday of July - Day of the Navy (Day of Neptune)

1st Sunday of October - Teacher's Day

November 4 - National Unity Day Russia

November 10 - Day of Militia

Transport connection

The transport system of Russia qualifies developed transport network as includes 87 thousand km of railways, 745 thousand km of motor expensive 600 thousand km of overhead lines, 115 thousand km of navigable waterways. In domestic traffic leading buses, and in major cities in the country established a tram and trolleybus. The most extensive tram network has a second capital of Russia - Saint-Petersburg. The most major air centers are St. Petersburg, Moscow, Resorts of the North Caucasus, as well as Yekaterinburg, Vladivostok, Khabarovsk, Irkutsk, Novosibirsk.


Russian cuisine has absorbed elements of ancient Slavic cuisine and cuisine of the world. For Russian cuisine is by cooking in an oven, stewing, cooking, pickling vegetables harvesting methods, salting or urinating. To prepare the meat dishes using pork, beef, lamb, poultry (no prohibitions on the eating of meat, except fasting or fast days). Traditional dishes in Russia were considered as wooden spoons, iron pots, pots, and the most famous place to this day holds - a samovar. The most famous desserts in Russia occupied rolls, cakes and jam or honey. It is also the most popular dishes on the table occupied by Russian crepes or pancakes (Especially significant is a week of Carnival). Russians also like kvass, juice, mead. The trend in recent years shows that to date, many restaurateurs and gourmet journalists would not mind to diversify the culinary masterpieces of Russian cuisine thanks to the know-how technologies.


A mighty country Russia has a long interesting history and rich cultural heritage. Every year it attracts not a small number of tourists due to its historical and architectural structures, some of them are included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites. The main attraction of the country is to the Kremlin - the basic architecture and the oldest part of the city and tourist center is the Red Square - the world famous place where the main parade is held annually the country, dedicated on May 9th. For religious sites include the Christ the Savior Cathedral, St. Basil's Cathedral, Spaso-Preobrazhensky Solovetsky monastery, Optima deserts, Seraphim-Diveevo monastery, the Holy Virgin monastery, Holy Trinity-Sergius Lavra, the Solovetsky monastery, Assumption and St. Demetrius Cathedral, Balaam. Natural attractions: Lake Baikal, the city-reserve Suzdal Museum - Reserve Peterhof, the Hermitage Museum, the Cathedral of the Savior on Spilled Blood, Manezhnaya Square, Palace Bridge, Spasskaya Tower.